Mt. Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa, reaching 5,895m (19,341ft) above sea level. It is located in Northern Tanzania, close to the Kenyan border. Germans Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller were the first to climb the mountain successfully, in 1889. Once the inspiration for Hemingway’s The Snows of Kilimanjaro, the mountain’s famous glaciers have now retreated over 80% since 1912 and are in danger of being completely gone in a few years. Though it is a dormant volcano, there are fumaroles (sites of volcanic gas emissions) in the mountain’s crater.
Many consider Mt. Kilimanjaro to be the easiest of the Seven Summits because it requires no technical mountaineering experience and is a trek from base camp to summit. The biggest dangers climbers face on Kilimanjaro are altitude and weather, which can change unexpectedly. There are six official routes up Kilimanjaro, ranging from the easiest—the Marangu (“Coca-Cola”) Route—to the hardest—the Machame (“Rum and Coke”) Route.
- Like Mt. Elbrus, it is one of the “Volcanic Seven Summits,” as it is the highest volcano in Africa.
- Many of the mountain’s fatalities are porters who die of hypothermia from inadequate gear.
- Kilimanjaro has extraordinary biodiversity, and features a wide range of forest types (but no bamboo zone, which differentiates it from other similar mountains in East Africa).
- No one knows where the name Kilimanjaro comes from, but one theory speculates that it comes from an Anglicization of “Kile-lema-irho,” which meanse “we failed to climb it” in a local language.
Cason reached the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro via the Machame Route at 8:48am on March 17, 2008.
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Mount Kilimanjaro KILIMANJARO is the highest mountain in Africa and the tallest freestanding mountain known to man. It is a mountain where you can hike for more than 90 kilometres, gain 4 000 meters in altitude, traverse rain forest, moorland, … Continue reading
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